Mustang – The Walled Forbidden Kingdom , is the quite fascinating destination for all surrounded by northern snowy mountains, dotted with ancient forts, walled medieval villages and monasteries rich in Buddhist art, offers its few visitors a year a fascinating glimpse into this remote enclave of Tibetan Culture. A deliberate policy of cultural and environmental preservation has meant that Mustang remains one of the world’s most special trekking destinations. Entry is limited and special trekking permits are required. 12 to 15 days should be allowed for Upper Mustang and it may also be combined with the Jomsom trek. Best time to visit is late March to November. A reasonable fitness level is required.
Although it was open for the tourists in 1990, the tourist arrival here started only in 1992. Speedily blowing gushy air, barren desert, mound, and settlement inside the rocky cave, celestial houses made of local design & Buddhist Stupa and houses fluttering with its religious standards are the special peculiarities of Mustang.
Lomanthang was the fort inhabited by 181 houses. Lomanthang has been encircled by 856- meter long wall. This fort was encircled in this way to defend from the frequent attack of the then Jumla state by that time.
Tiji, the special festival
TheTiji festival a three-day ritual known as “The Chasing of the Demons”, centered on the Tiji myth. Tiji tells the story of a deity named Dorje Jono who must battle against his demon father to save the Kingdom of Mustang from destruction. The demon father wreaks havoc on Mustang by creating a water shortage which, in this extremely arid land, is the most precious life-sustaining resource. Dorje Jono eventually defeats the demon and banishes him from the land.
Tiji is a celebration and reaffirmation of this myth. Throughout the festival the events and story of the myth are re-enacted. The festival is timed to coincide with the end of the dry season (late spring) and ushers in the wetter monsoon season. Tiji comes from the words “ten che” meaning “the hope of Buddha Dharma prevailing in all worlds” and is a spring renewal festival that also celebrates the triumph of good over evil.
Day 01: Arrival Kathmandu air port- transfer to the hotel. Welcome drink will be served.
Day 02: Kathmandu – Trek preparation and Free Time
Day 03: Fly to Pokhara. Permit preparation and check other essentials for the trek.
Day 04: Drive to Jomsom via Beni by Jeep & Trek to Kagbeni (2800m.): 3-4 hrs
Day 05: Kagbeni – Chele (3200m.): 5-6 hrs
Day 06: Chele – Gilling (3500m): 5-6 hrs
Day 07: Gilling – Ghami (3500m.): 5-6 hrs
Day 08: Ghami – Tsarang (3550m.): 4-5 hrs
Day 09: Tsarang – Lo-Manthang (3800m.): 5-6 hrs
Day 10: Lo-Manthang
Day 11: Lo-manthang – Ghami (3500m.): 6-7hrs
Day 12: Ghami – Samar (3400m.): 6-7 hrs
Day 13: Samar – Chhusang (3000m.):5-6 hrs
Day 14: Chhusang – Kagbeni (2800m.): 5-6hrs
Day 15: Kagbeni – Jomsom 2700m. – 3 hrs
Day 16: Drive to Pokhara. Farewell dinner with Nepalese Live Cultural Show
Day 17: Drive to Kathmandu. Overnight in Kathmandu
Day 18: Final Departure
|Group Size||2 to 12 people|
|Trip Duration||18 Days|
|Activity||Trekking, Cultural tours|
|Maximum Altitude||3870 m|
|Trek Starts In||Kathmandu|
|Trek Ends In||Kathmandu|
|Trek Type||Tea House/ Lodge|
|Accommodations||Hotels, Tea Houses|
|Transportation||Flight/Private Vehicle or public bus|
|INCLUDED IN THE COST||
|NOT INCLUDED IN THE COST||
Your safety is of paramount concern while traveling with Sisne Rover. Please note that your leader has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the itinerary if it is necessary due to safety concerns. Every effort will be made to keep to the above itinerary; however, since this adventure entails traveling in remote mountainous regions, we cannot guarantee that we will not deviate from it. Weather conditions, health condition of a group member, unexpected natural disasters, etc., can all contribute to changes in the itinerary. The leader will try to ensure that the trip runs according to plan, but please be prepared to be flexible if required.
We will be staying in hotel/resort in Kathmandu/ Pokhara and teahouses during the trek. All accommodations are on twin-shared basis. Single supplement is served on request with additional cost. We will have rooms with attached washrooms in most parts of the trek but this is not possible in a few remote locations. Also understand that single rooms are not easily available in higher elevations like they are in Kathmandu and the lower elevation regions.
During the trek, we provide all meals whereas only breakfast will be available in Kathmandu and Pokhara. There will also be a farewell dinners for guests with Nepalese live cultural show. The most common cuisines in most menus are Nepalese, Tibetan, Indian and common continental.
The Trekking Group
There will be one leader(Guide ), assistant leader (4 trekkers:1 assistant guide) and Sherpa porters for luggage carrying (2 trekkers:1 porter) This arrangement ensures that should anybody in the group is sick, the trip can still go ahead as planned. We can run the Upper Mustang trek for group of any size, but generally include a maximum of twelve people in a group as we have found this to be the optimum size for a successful trip
Leader(s) & Staff Arrangements
The most significant thing that makes this trek successful, enjoyable and memorable is the skilled, experienced and helpful trek leader and crew members with the ability of operating our days in the mountain smoothly. We have the best and professional trekking leaders selected on the basis of their experiences, leadership skills and personal aptitude. With an objective of sustaining local communities, Sisne only employs local staff. They have adequate knowledge about culture, ecosystem, flora, fauna, geography, and history of their local region.
Sisne Rover is firmly committed to porter rights. We make sure that all our porters are well treated and well paid. Furthermore, we also provide the required level of shelter, clothing and footwear that these harsh environments demand. Porters get equal treatment and attention like every other team members in case they get sick. We have contract with helicopter emergency evacuation company to rescue porters from dangerous situations. And for the porter’s sake, all trekkers keep the weight of their luggage under 15kgs/33 pounds. We also support the work of International Porter Protection Group (IPPG), making our resources available to them to help improve the working conditions of the porters.
Upper Mustang is strikingly beautiful, but also equally fragile. Future generations have just as much of a right to appreciate it as we do and so the tourism industry has an obligation to protect and preserve it. We employ a ‘zero impact’ policy on the natural environment and the traditional communities that live there. Sisne Rover, therefore, enforces a number of do’s and don’ts. Our experienced staff can advise us on how to minimize our impact on the local environment.
Like all other itineraries, this trek can also curb Acute Mountain Sickness which is very common during high altitude trekking. We ascend gradually so that we have optimum time to acclimatize to the high-altitude environment. Consult your doctors if you have any known heart, lung or blood diseases before booking the trek.
Physical Condition & Experience Requirements
It is a moderate trek suitable for trekkers without technical skills who can walk at least 6-7 hours a day with a light backpack. Anyone who is physically fit with good health can participate in this trek. However, it is always best to start jogging and exercising regularly at least a month before the actual trek. Also, trekkers with high altitude trekking experience can find this trek relatively easier than others.
Best Time to Travel to Upper Mustang Trek
September to November in autumn and March to May in spring season is favorable months to trek to this trekking region.
If you wish to discuss any aspect of this trip or your suitability for it please contact us.
What to bring
Nepal is a mountainous tropical country, which means there are climate extremes. Night and day temperature differences can vary between -10°C on the high treks and 30°C on the lower ones (14°F to 86°F), so you need to bring a variety of clothes.
This list is a guideline to help you pack for your adventure. Also understand that the items listed below will vary a little according to the season and the trek duration. The weight limit for your luggage is 33 pounds or 15 kg. Remember that your luggage will be carried by your trekking but you are required to carry a day-pack (with your valuables or anything important) on your own. We also suggest that you pack only what is necessary.
Important documents and items
- Valid passport, 2 extra passport size photos, airline tickets
- Separate photocopies of passport, visa form (easily obtained at Kathmandu airport), proof of insurance
- Dollars, pounds or Euros in cash for purchasing Nepalese visa at Kathmandu airport, for paying for restaurants and hotels, for gratuities, snacks, and to purchase your own drinks and gifts
- Credit cards, Bank/ATM/Cash machine cards for withdrawing funds from cash machines (bring a photocopy of your cards), traveler’s checks, etc.
- Head scarf, also useful for dusty conditions
- Warm hat that covers your ears (wool or synthetic)
- Headlamp with extra batteries and bulbs
- Sunglasses with UV protection
- Prescription sunglasses (if required)
- Polypropylene shirts (1 half sleeve and 2 long sleeves)
- Light and expedition weight thermal tops
- Fleece wind-stopper jacket or pullover
- Waterproof (preferably breathable fabric) shell jacket
- Down vest and/or jacket
- Gore-Tex jacket with hood, waterproof and breathable
- Lightweight poly-liner gloves.
- Lightweight wool or fleece gloves
- 1 pair of mittens, consists of 1 Gore-Tex over mitt matched with a very warm polar-fleece mitt liner (seasonal)
- Non-cotton underwear briefs
- Hiking shorts
- Hiking trousers
- lightweight thermal bottoms (seasonal)
- fleece or woolen trousers
- waterproof shell pants, breathable fabric
- 2 pairs of thin, lightweight inner socks
- 2 pairs of heavy poly or wool socks1 pair of Hiking boots with spare laces (sturdy soles, water
- , ankle support, “broken in”)
- Running shoes and/or sandals
- Resistant Cotton socks (optional)
- Gaiters (winter only), optional, “low” ankle high version
- Sleeping bag (good to -10 degrees C or 14 degrees F)
- Fleece sleeping bag liner (optional)
Rucksack and Travel Bags
- Medium size rucksack (50-70 liters/3000-4500 cubic inches, can be used for an airplane carryon)
- 1 large duffel bag *
- A small daypack/backpack for carrying your valuables, should have good shoulder padding
- Small padlocks for duffel-kit bags
- 2 large waterproof rucksack covers (optional)
- Small, personal first-aid kit. (simple and light)
- Aspirin, first-aid tape, and plasters (Band-Aids)
- 1 skin-blister repair kit
- Anti-diarrhea pills
- Anti-headache pills
- Cough and/or cold medicine
- Anti-altitude sickness pills: Diamox or Acetylzolamide
- Stomach antibiotic: Ciprofloxacin, etc. Do not bring sleeping pills as they are a respiratory depressant.
- Water purification tablets or water filter
- 1 set of earplugs
- Extra pair of prescription glasses, contact lens supplies
- Compass or GPS(optional)
- Alarm clock/watch
- Digital camera with extra cards and batteries
- large Ziplocs
- Water bottles
- Small folding knife
- 4 large, waterproof, disposable rubbish sacks
- Medium-sized quick drying towel
- Toothbrush/paste (preferably biodegradable)
- Multi-purpose soap (preferably biodegradable)
- Nail clippers
- Face and body moisturizer
- Female hygiene products
- Small mirror
- Wet wipes (baby wipes)
- Tissue /toilet roll
- Anti-bacterial hand wash
- Reading book
- Trail map/guide book
- Travel game i.e. chess, backgammon, scrabble, playing cards (to help you pass the time at teahouses and/or camps)
- Modest swim suit
- Binoculars (optional)
- Voltage converter (from 220 to 110)
- Plug adapter (2 round pegs to 2 flat pegs)
- Lightweight pillow case (in case your teahouses provide you with pillows) or use your own stuff as a pillow
Use rechargeable batteries whenever possible. If you use disposable batteries, please take the used ones with you and dispose them safely in your home country.
Many of these items can be bought or rented in Nepal